Women’s Health

Hormonal Imbalances In Women

Women of all ages experience hormonal imbalances due to a variety of factors including but not limited to stress, diet and nutrition deficiencies (especially zinc), lack of exercise and sleep deprivation. Thyroid dysfunction is another common cause for hormonal imbalances; it’s estimated that up to 10 percent of Americans have some sort of thyroid disorder.

Estrogen dominance is a particularly challenging form of imbalance which can be caused by too little progesterone production due to aging or excess exposure to environmental toxins like plastics and pesticides. When hormones are out of balance, women experience a wide range of physical and emotional symptoms.

Common signs of hormone imbalance include:

  • Irregular or missing periods
  • Hot flashes and/or night sweats
  • Mood swings
  • Headaches and/or migraines
  • Joint pain
  • Low libido
  • Depression and/or anxiety
  • Fatigue and/or insomnia
  • Weight gain or loss
  • Changes in appetite and digestion

Hormonal imbalances also lead to other long-term health problems. For instance, high estrogen levels contribute to breast cancer risk. Women with chronic unbalanced hormone levels are more likely to suffer from infertility problems as well. In addition to this, fluctuations in hormone levels can cause changes in blood sugar levels which may increase the risk for type 2 diabetes. Here is an article from Forbes Health outlining a few additional symptoms of hormone imbalance.

What do balanced hormones look like?

The menstrual cycle is a complex and dynamic process regulated by hormones. Estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone are the three primary hormones involved in this process. For a quick reference, look at the chart from the North American Menopause Society.

Estrogen is an estrogenic sex hormone produced mainly in the ovaries and is responsible for the development of female reproductive organs and systems. It also plays an important role in regulating fertility, as it helps maintain the endometrium lining of the uterus to build up during each cycle, which prepares it for pregnancy if conception occurs. Estrogen levels tend to be highest at the beginning of the menstrual cycle and gradually decrease before peaking again during ovulation.

Progesterone is another estrogenic hormone produced mainly in the ovaries but can also be made in small amounts by other tissues in the body such as fat cells or adrenal glands. This hormone helps regulate the menstrual cycle by maintaining the uterine lining until fertilization occurs, when it then shifts to promoting a nurturing environment for an embryo should one form. Progesterone levels tend to increase throughout most of a woman’s menstrual cycle before slowly returning to lower levels just prior to menstruation.

Testosterone is an androgenic hormone that plays a role in both male and female reproductive health. Although it is primarily produced by the testes in males, women also produce testosterone through their ovaries and adrenal glands. Testosterone helps maintain libido (sexual desire) as well as increases energy level and physical endurance during exercise, while also aiding in strengthening bones and improving muscle mass among other benefits. During a woman’s menstrual cycle testosterone levels are generally highest around mid-cycle right before ovulation occurs when estrogen levels start rising again towards their peak just after ovulation.

Overall, estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone are all key players involved in regulating a woman’s menstrual cycle by producing specific effects throughout different stages of her life from puberty through menopause. Without them working together harmoniously, menstruation would not occur on its own; rather it would require external interventions for it to happen at all.

Common Hormonal Disorders


Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a complex hormonal disorder that affects up to 10% of women of reproductive age. It is one of the most common endocrine disorders in women, and can have profound effects on reproduction, metabolism, and overall health.

The exact cause of PCOS is unknown, but it is believed to be due to a combination of genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors. One possible explanation for the development of PCOS is an imbalance between certain hormones such as testosterone and estrogen. This hormonal imbalance leads to the development of multiple cysts on the ovaries and can cause irregular or absent periods, infertility, excessive hair growth in areas such as the face and chest (hirsutism), acne, weight gain, thinning hair on the head (alopecia), skin tags, sleep apnea, and mood changes.

Due to these symptoms and its impact on fertility, PCOS can also have emotional implications for those affected by it. Mental health issues associated with PCOS include depression, anxiety, eating disorders such as bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder. Women with PCOS are also at higher risk for developing type 2 diabetes or having a cardiovascular event later in life due to metabolic complications associated with this disorder.

It’s important for women with suspected PCOS to seek advice from their healthcare professional in order to get an accurate diagnosis so that they can receive appropriate treatment and make informed decisions about their health going forward. With proper management strategies, individuals living with PCOS can take control over their condition and live healthy lives despite their diagnosis.


Amenorrhea is a condition characterized by the absence of menstrual periods in women. It is generally classified as either primary or secondary amenorrhea. Primary amenorrhea occurs when a woman has never had her menstrual period and typically has other associated signs and symptoms, such as underdeveloped sexual organs or abnormal secondary sex characteristics. Secondary amenorrhea is the absence of menstrual periods for three or more consecutive cycles in women who have previously experienced menstruation.

The underlying cause of amenorrhea can vary greatly and can be due to a wide variety of conditions, including structural abnormalities, hormonal imbalances, systemic diseases, stress, lifestyle factors, medications and eating disorders. Structural abnormalities can include congenital uterine anomalies or dysgenesis that may be caused by genetic disorders like Turner’s syndrome or chromosomal aberrations.

Hormonal imbalances are perhaps the most common cause of amenorrhea and can occur for a number of reasons including polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) which can lead to anovulation (absence of ovulation). Other causes include hypothalamic dysfunction (disruption to the hypothalamus-pituitary-gonadal axis), pituitary tumors that produce excessive prolactin hormone levels, ovarian failure due to premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) or chemotherapy treatment, thyroid problems that affect hormone levels and/or adrenal gland issues that disrupt normal hormone production. 

In addition to underlying medical causes of amenorrhea, stress can also play an important role in disrupting normal cyclical changes in reproductive hormones like estrogen and progesterone necessary for regular menstruation. Stressful events like bereavement or major life changes can cause a disruption of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis which leads to amenorrhea.

Physical stressors like excessive exercise or underweight body mass index (BMI) are also known to cause disruptions in reproductive hormones resulting in prolonged periods without menses. Lastly, certain lifestyle choices such as heavy smoking or alcohol consumption have been linked with irregular menstrual cycles due to their effects on hormone levels. Regardless of the type or cause of amenorrhea, it is important for them to seek medical attention in order to determine the underlying cause and receive appropriate treatment tailored specifically for them.


Menopause is the natural process of transition to the end of a woman’s reproductive life, which typically occurs between the ages of 45 and 55. During menopause, women experience physical and hormonal changes in their bodies that can lead to a wide array of symptoms. The most noticeable symptom is a change in menstrual cycle. Women often go through longer or shorter cycles, or even experience a complete stop of menstruation (known as amenorrhea). Other common symptoms include hot flashes, night sweats, vaginal dryness, fatigue, mood swings, sleep issues, weight gain and loss of bone density.

Hormone levels play an important role during menopause. Estrogen plays a significant role in regulating periods, maintaining bone density and aiding cognitive functioning. As menopausal women produce less estrogen than before menopause began, it can cause a number of changes in the body. For example, when estrogen production decreases during menopause it can lead to decreased bone mineral density on average; this increases risk for osteoporosis later in life if not managed appropriately with lifestyle adjustments.

In addition to hormonal changes associated with aging, lifestyle factors like stress levels or diet can also impact one’s experience of menopause-related symptoms such as hot flashes or mood swings. Maintaining healthy eating habits that include foods high in calcium such as dairy products , leafy greens and nuts may help reduce some of the negative effects associated with declining estrogen levels . Regular exercise has also been linked with improved mental health outcomes as well as reduced risk for chronic diseases like diabetes , heart disease , stroke , obesity , and some cancers . Exercise helps regulate hormones by increasing endorphins which have calming effects on mood – providing additional benefits beyond physical fitness!

Overall, navigating the transition into her post-reproductive years doesn’t have to be overwhelming for most women. By gaining knowledge about how her body is changing due to declining hormone levels − understanding how she can take care of herself by adjusting her lifestyle accordingly − she will be better prepared for entering this new stage of life with confidence!

Acupuncture and Herbal Medicine for Hormone Imbalance

Acupuncture and herbal medicine have long been used as a holistic approach to aiding in hormone imbalance. Acupuncture works by stimulating specific areas of the body to help regulate hormones and restore balance. This stimulation is done through the use of thin needles that are inserted into specific points on the body. Herbal medicine, on the other hand, utilizes various herbs and plants for medicinal purposes. By taking these herbs either internally or via topical application, it can help address underlying issues that may be causing hormonal imbalances such as stress, poor diet, metabolic dysregulation, and lifestyle factors.
Research has shown that acupuncture can be beneficial for those suffering from hormonal imbalances. Stress also plays a major role in hormone regulation and too much can cause imbalances. Additionally, acupuncture can help increase circulation which helps bring more oxygen and nutrients to cells, allowing them to function at a higher level thereby promoting better hormone regulation.

Herbal medicines also prove beneficial when addressing hormonal imbalances since they are able to target underlying causes such as stress or dietary deficiencies. Herbs such as ashwagandha, ginkgo biloba, dong quai, licorice root, and chasteberry have all been used traditionally for their effects on hormones like estrogen and progesterone in women. Other herbs like saw palmetto have been studied for their potential effects on male hormones like testosterone.

Getting regular acupuncture treatments combined with taking herbal medicines specifically tailored for your individual needs can provide numerous benefits when addressing hormonal imbalances. It can help reduce stress levels while providing essential nutrients required for optimal hormone production and balance. It is important to consult with your healthcare provider if you are dealing with any kind of hormone-related issues since they will be able to assess your particular situation and work with you on an individualized treatment plan that best fits your needs.